"Kumbh Mela" from Hindi, literally means pitcher festival or Aquarius festival, from Sanskrit kumbha pot, Aquarius + melā assembly
The Kumbh Mela is a Hindu religious pilgrimage festival that takes place at the conjunction of several holy rivers in India. It occurs every 12 years, lasts six weeks, and attracts up to 70 million people.
The ultimate goal of pilgrims is ritual bathing to attain mukti, i.e., freedom from reincarnation.
The three main bathing days for the 2013 Kumbh Mela are January 14, February 10, and February 15.
Cholera inoculation was compulsory for pilgrims to the 1977 Kumbh Mela.
The Kumbha Mela at Hardvar is sometimes called the Ardha Kumba Mela because its 12-year cycle falls halfway between the Melas at Allahabad.